Synthetic turf is a grass-like surface manufactured from synthetic materials.
It is most often used in sports arenas and landscaping.
The basic material consists of polypropylene or polyethylene granules. These pellets are melted
and pressed through a die. Depending on the extrusion method used, this creates long yarns
The yarns are then tufted into a polypropylene fabric.
The technology of tufting domestic carpet is also used for synthetic turf: hundreds of needles
are positioned on a beam, each needle pulls a yarn through the fabric and forms a loop
as the needle returns. The loop is cut, so that the fibres will stand upright as a tuft.
Lines are tufted or glued (during installation) into the turf in a different colour.
To attach the fibres onto the fabric, a layer of binding agent is applied onto the backing and
then hardened. The synthetic turf is then transported in rolls to the customer.
The first large scale sports synthetic turf pitch was installed in 1965.
in the Astrodome, Houston, Texas. The use of synthetic turf became widespread both
outdoor and indoor,mainly for baseball and American Football.
The first synthetic turf systems were hard and didn't have the aesthetics of natural grass.
In the 1980’s the industry started to design synthetic turf specifically for football.
In the 1990’s the first synthetic turf systems with sand and rubber infill were introduced.
The player’s comfort became more and more important in the design of new football systems.
The newest generation of synthetic turf, combines the playing characteristics and look & feel
of natural grass with the advantages of synthetic turf.
The use of synthetic turf is now supported by FIFA and used for landscaping and recreational grass